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Module 1: Fundamentals of Circular Economy

ADBI Circular Economy E-learning Course

Module 1: Fundamentals of Circular Economy

About this module

The linear economy is rooted in a take-make-use-throw culture that causes immense damage to the environment both in terms of resource use as well as harmful emissions air, water, and soil. Cleaner production focused on reducing resource use, energy use, and waste emissions is a step in the right direction, but not enough to address the environmental issues completely. A life cycle perspective is imperative to address these issues comprehensively and lead to sustainable solutions. A circular economy moves away from the conventional linear economy model by increasing the lifetime of products to ensure getting the maximum out of the resources and energy invested in their production, minimizing waste emissions, and keeping materials in circulation instead of drawing on more virgin resources. Looking at all these things in a holistic, systems, or so-called life cycle view ensures that the anticipated environmental benefits can actually be achieved.


12 min

Learning Objective

    • Linear versus circular economy
    • Importance of life cycle thinking
    • Use of life cycle assessment for ensuring environmental benefits


    1. How does a circular economy “close the gap” of a linear economy?
    a. Reduce by design
    b. Refurbish and repurpose materials
    c. Product as a service business model d. All of the above

    2. Why is life cycle thinking/assessment necessary for evaluating product systems?
    a. To avoid problem shifting between life cycle stages and between impacts
    b. To measure the GHG emissions
    c. To maximize energy, water and material efficiency
    d. Both b & c


Module 1: Fundamentals of Circular Economy
Module 1: Fundamentals of Circular Economy

Module 1: Introduction to the Plastics Circularity

Module 3: Circular Economy Workforce Building

Module 4: Circular design, technology and innovation

Module 6: Circular Economy Policy and Standards

Module 2: Financing the transition to Circular Economy

Module 3: Plastics Life Cycle, Value & Supply Chain, and Impact

Module 5: Circular Supply Chain Management

Module 6: Public-Private Partnerships and Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Building

Module 2: Plastic Waste Global Policies

Module 4: Circular Business Models, Barriers & Enablers for Circular Economy

Module 5: Policy Implementation Mechanisms & Challenges and Consumer Behavior

Module 7: Circular Cities

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